Tuesday, September 1, 2009

German Jews were ordered to wear yellow stars - September 1, 1941

Jewish Yellow Star
Yellow badge Star of David called Judenstern (yellow star) in German. Part of the exhibition in the Jewish Museum Westphalia, Dorsten, Germany. The wording is the German word for Jew (Jude), written in mock-Hebrew script.

The yellow badge (or yellow patch), also referred to as a Jewish badge, was a cloth patch that Jews were ordered to sew on their outer garments in order to mark them as Jews in public. It is intended to be a badge of shame associated with antisemitism.

The yellow badge that was compulsory in the Middle Ages was revived by the German Nazis.

After the German invasion of Poland in 1939 there were initially different local decrees forcing Jews to wear a distinctive sign, during the General Government (a part of the territories of Poland under German military occupation during World War II).

The requirement to wear the Star of David with the word Jude (German for Jew) inscribed was practiced for all Jews over the age of six in the Reich and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (by a decree issued on September 1, 1941 signed by Reinhard Heydrich) and was gradually introduced in other German-occupied areas, where local words were used (e.g. Juif in French, Jood in Dutch).

Source: Wikipedia (All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License)

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