Tuesday, May 19, 2009

Nazis Declare Berlin to be Judenfrei (Free of Jews) - May 19, 1943

Estonia is marked as judenfreiMap, included in a report Stahlecker sent to his superiors in October 1941, summarizes murders committed by Einsatzgruppe A under his command. It shows the number of Jews executed in the Baltic States and Belarus in 1941. The legend at the bottom states that "the estimated number of Jews still on hand is 128,000." Estonia is marked as judenfrei.

Judenfrei (German: free of Jews) was a Nazi term to designate an area free of Jewish presence during The Holocaust.

While Judenfrei merely refers to "freeing" an area of all of its Jewish citizens, the term Judenrein (German: clean of Jews) was also used. This had the stronger connotation that any trace of Jewish blood had been removed as an impurity.

Establishments, villages, cities, and regions were declared Judenfrei after they were ethnically cleansed of Jews. For example:
  • Gelnhausen, Germany – reported Judenfrei on November 1, 1938 by propaganda newspaper Kinzigwacht after its synagogue was closed and remaining local Jews forced to leave the town.
  • German-occupied Luxembourg – reported Judenfrei by the press on October 17, 1941.
  • German-occupied Estonia – December 1941. Reported as Judenfrei at the
  • Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942.
  • German-occupied Serbia/Belgrade – August 1942
  • Vienna – reported Judenfrei by Alois Brunner on October 9, 1942
  • Berlin, Germany – May 19, 1943
Source: Wikipedia (All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License)

No comments:

Post a Comment